British related with Portugal

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This page is dedicated to the British lusophiles whom through their works kept alive the centuries old cultural relations between Great Britain and Portugal and have contributed much to Portuguese culture and history:

Sir Richard Fanshawe (1608-1666), Henry Fielding (1707-1754), William Julius Mickle (1735-1788), William Beckford (1759-1844), Robert Southey, Lord Stuart of Rothesay (1779-1845), Lord Strangford (1780-1855), John Adamson (1787-1855), Lord Byron (1788-1824), Edward Quillinan (1791 - ), Sir Richard Henry Major (1818-1891), John James Aubertin (1819?-1900), Sir Richard Burton, Sir Clements Markham (1830-1916), Sir Charles R. Beazley, William Atkinson, Prof. Aubrey Fitzgerald Bell (1881- ?), Prof. Edgar Allison Peers, Sir George Young, Sir Henry Thomas, Prof. George West, Félix Walter, Prof. Edgar Prestage (1869-19?), Prof. Charles Boxer, Prof. P. E. Russell, Prof. Charles Oman and Prof. H. V. Livermore.


Motto: «Virtus Invidiae Scopus»

Name: Sir Paul Methuen, P.C., K.B. (b. 1672 - d. 1757)

Arms: Argent, three wolves' heads erased proper.

Crest: A wolf's head couped proper.

Supporters - Ttwo fiery lynxes reguardant proper, collared and chained or.

Year: According to Lord de Tabley the bookplate was executed c. 1720

Notes: Envoy Estraordinary to Portugal 1697-1705; Ambassador to Portugal 1706-08. Son of John Methuen, P.C., M.P., Lord Chancelor of Ireland who was also Envoy to Portugal in 1692-97 & 1702 and Ambassador Extraordinary, in 1703, to conclude the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty signed in December and which became known by his name [1].


Name: Henry Grey, K.G., P.C., (1671-1740) - Duke of Kent

2nd. Baron Lucas, of Crudwell, 12th Earl of Kent (suc. 1702), Duke of Kent (cr. 1710), Marquess of Kent (cr. 1706), Viscount Goodrich and Earl of Harold (cr. 1706), and Marquess of Grey (1740).

The son of Lord Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent and of Lady mary Lucas, Baroness of Lucas of Crudwell, was made Lord Chamberlain and then Lord Steward and later Lord Privy Seal.

Married 1stly, Lady Jemima Crew, dau. of Thomas Crewe, Lord of Steane and 2ndly, in 1728, Lady Sophia Bentinck, dau. of Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland.

He was suceeded by his grand daughter Lady Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and Barones Lucas (1723-1797), dau. of Lord John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland and of Lady Amabell Grey. She married Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke

Arms: Grey impaling Bentinck (from his 2nd wife).

Notes: In the Catalogue of the Franks' Collection (1903) it appears as # 12830. He had 4 other bookplates described under #s. 12828, 12829, 12831 & 12832. (cf. Brain North Lee, «British Bookplates», 1979) [2]


Name: Thomas Philip de Grey, (1781-1859),  K.G., 3rd. Baron Grantham (s. 1786), 2nd. Earl de Grey of Wrest (s. 1833), and Baron Lucas (s. 1833), d. 1859, son of Sir Thomas Robinson, 2nd. baron Grantham, Secretary of State and of Lady Mary Jemnia Yorke, grand daughter of Lord Henry Grey, Duke of Kent. Assumed the surname of Weddell in lieu of Robinson and later on the surname of Grey, under Royal licence.

He married Lady Henrietta Frances Cole (1784-1848, dau. of William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen.

His younger brother was Lord Frederick John Robinson, Viscount Goderich, 1st Earl of Ripon (1782-1859, Prime Minister.

He was also 2nd cousin of Lord Stuart of Rothesay's wife.

Arms: Quarterly of six: 1st and 6th, Grey; 2nd, Robinson; 3rd, Yorke; 4th, Campbell; 5th, Lucas

Catalogue of Frank's Collection, 1903, # 25232.


Name: Charles Stuart, GCB, PC, GCTS, 1st Baron Stuart of Rothesay, Count of Machico (1825) and Marquess of Angra do Heroismo, in Portugal

Arms: Stuart of Rothesay

Motto: «Avito Viret Honor», «Nobilis Ira»

Notes: Ambassador to Portugal, member of the Regency of Portugal during the Peninsular War, Ambassador of King John VI to the Empire of Brazil. Brought to Portugal the Constitutional Chart given by Dom Pedro IV to Portugal. Son of General Sir Charles Stuart, KB and grandson of John Stuart, KG, 3rd Earl of Bute, Lord Stuart of Rothesay married Lady Elizabeth Margaret Yorke, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Hardwicke. His library was sold in an auction in London in 1855 [4].


William Smith, Esq.

Notes: This bookplate has for long been attributed to a British ambassador to the court of King John VI. [5].


Name: Admiral of the Fleet Louis Mountbatten, KG, PC, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, KCB, DSO, (1900-1971), Earl of Burma, First Sea Lord

The son of Prince Louis of Battenberg, Marquess of Milford Haven, Lord Louis Mountbatten was Supreme Allied Commander of South East Asia in WWII and was responsible for the reconquest of Burma in 1944-45 and was the last Vice-Roy of India. After independence Lord Mountbatten of Burma was the first Governor-General of the Dominion of India till 1948.


Name: Field-Marshall Sir Bernard Law Montgomery, KG, GCB, DSO,1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (cr. 1946) (b.1887- )

Arms: Azure two lions passant guardant between three fleur-de-lys, two in chief and one in base and two trefoils in fesse, all or.

Crest: Issuant from a crescent argent an arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a broken tilting spear in bend sinister, the head pendent proper

Supporters: On the dexter side a knight in chair armour and surcoat resting his exterior hand on his sword and on the sinister side a soldier in battle dressed all proper

Motto: «Gardez Bien»

Lord Montgomery had a brilliant military carreer having commanded the British 8th Army in WWII (1942-43), promoted to Field-Marshal in 1944 and was C-in-C of the British Forces of Occupation in Germany


Lord Robert Baden-Powell, (1857-1941) Br. Baden-Powell of Gilwell (cr. 1929)

Notes: A distinguished Army Officer, with outsatnding services at the Defence of Mafeking (1899-1900), who made him a hero of all boys. Founder of the Scouting Movement, Lord Baden-Powell visited Portugal and the Boy Scouts organization here.


Prof. Edgar Prestage, M.A., D. Litt.

Notes: Prof. Edgar Prestage is one of the most eminent and learned lusófilos ever, having been Professor of Portuguese Literature at Cambridge and from 1923, holder of the Camões Chair in the University of London. With a vast bibliography on Portuguese Literature and History and several translations of Portuguese classical works, including The Chronicle of the Discovery of Guinea, by Gomes Eanes de Azurara, in collaboration with Sir Charles Beazley, edited by the «Hakluyt Society», in 1896.

Prof. Prestage was a Fellow of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences and of the Lisbon Geographical Society and a KC of Santiago.

Note: The editors are much indebted to Harold Storey, Esq. who kindly collaborated in the research of biographical notes, blasoning and identification of the bookplates, in the Catalogue of the Frank's Collection of the British Museum and other sources.

Notes:

[1] - On the significance of the Methuen Treaty of 1703 and the role of Sir Paul Methuen and his father John Methuen, cf. Sir Richard Lodge, LL.D., Litt.D., «The Treaties of 1703», in «Chapters in Anglo-Portuguese Relations», ed. by Prof. Edgar Prestage, Voss & Michael, Ld., Watford, 1935, pp. 152-170

[2], [3]- Count da Folgosa, who was a great Portuguese bookplate collector, firstly published and referred these bookplates as being related with Portugal (cf. «Alguns Ex-Libris de Ingleses em Portugal...», in «Panorama», #46-47, IV série, (September, 1973), pp. 135-136).

However, the exact relation of these armigers with Portugal has not yet been clearly established. Nevertheless, we decided to include the bookplates under this section since, although very rare, they do appear in Portuguese bookplate collections.

[4]- Two XIXth century Portuguese bibliophiles bought many books at the auction of Sir Charles Stuart of Rothesay's Library, in 1855: the Count of Lavradio and Mr. João da Guerra Rebelo Fontoura, a wine merchant in London, married 2ndly, to Cecilia Eleanor Canning. Both these libraries were in turn later dispersed at auction sales, the latter having been sold in Leipzig, by Mssrs. Karl W. Hiersemann, in 1899 (cf. Luís de Bivar Guerra, «A biblioteca de Lord Stuart de Rothesay núcleo de duas importantes livrarias portuguesas», ibidem, pp. 120-123).

[5]- Research is being made to see if the bookplate belonged to another W. Smith, an Englishman, who was Consul at Lisbon at the middle of the XIX th century. Reputed to be a natural son of King William IV, he married 2ndly, (c. 1847) a Portuguese lady who in turn was supposedely an illegitimate granddaughter of King John VI.


© 1998-2006 J. Vicente de Bragança (Portugal) & J. Stewart LeForte (Canada), editors

Posted: 4 December 1998 * Last updated: 09-11-2006